A marine glossary

The sea has its own vocabulary. Seen a word you don't understand, or one you want to know more about? Look here first! This marine glossary is here to guide you.

Aber

An aber (a Celtic word denoting an estuary) Gold ria (a Galician word) is a bay FORMED by the mouth of a coastal river Partly valley and gold Wholly, Invaded by the sea. In international geography, the word 'ria' is Generally used, though the Breton word 'aber' est used.
A ria is an unglaciated coastal river-valley drowned by sea levels rising, whereas aber year is more SPECIFICALLY funnel-shaped estuary has Largely open to the sea.

Anchor

The act of dropping an anchor in order to hold a boat in place .

Anchorage (related term: anchor)

A Place Where boats can be anchored .

Aquaculture

The cultivation of plants (algae) and animals (crustaceans, shellfish, fish, etc.) in an aquatic environment <. / p>

Bladderwrack

Algae (Fucus) Deposited on the shore by the sea and used as fertilizer In Some coastal areas .

Bouchut

A French word Designating a structure used for growing mussels and shellfish --other. A mussel Normally takes the form of an oak or chestnut stake two to six meters in length.

Bow

The front portion of the hull of a ship .

Bridge

The Place Where the navigational instruments and controls are Located on a ship .

Cape, headland, promontory

A narrow piece of land Extending out into the sea .

Catamaran & nbsp;

A boat with two hulls .

Channel & nbsp;

A shipping lane navigation .

Cove & nbsp;

A small bay or inlet .

Creek & nbsp;

A small inlet bay gold .

Crew & nbsp;

The group of people responsible for maneuvering a boat .

Current

The movement or flow of a fluid, e.g. a tidal current, ocean current year, etc. .

Deck & nbsp;

A floor of a ship, Especially the upper level .

Dinghy

A small boat with no deck .

Draught

. The height entre the lowest spot on a boat and the waterline

Driftwood & nbsp;

the qui Wood has-been washed Reviews towards the coast by the wind, currents or tide. The term 'driftwood' Implies que le Object has Spent Some Time, Perhaps days, weeks, months, or years even, drifting in an expanse of salt water.

Drizzle

Very fine rain Composed of imperceptibly small drops

Dune

Recently FORMED A geological feature Composed of accumulated sand and Caused by the erosion of rock due to the actions of the wind and the sea. Coastal dunes play host to a single flora and fauna caractérisé by adaptation to a very arid environment.

Ebb tide

The receding tide .

<= span class "TextRegularGris18"> Eclosarium

A center for marine research .

Estuary

The mouth of a river Where it meets the sea. The water of estuaries is Either seawater or brackish water.

Fleet

A group of ships traveling together

Flood tide

The rising tide .

Foreshore

The hand of the shore covered and uncovered by the tide; Also Known As the intertidal area.

Gulf A wide bay connected to the sea and Almost Entirely Surrounded by land .

Harbour master's office

An office in a harbor Where all the information Relating to navigation and the harbor's services can be therefor obtained .

Helm

The steering mechanism of a boat. May this be a live mechanism, or May operate by means clustering of a wheel linked to the rudder.

Hoist

To raise a sail on a mast .

Hull

The main body of a boat. Boats can be single or multi-hulled.

Jetty

A structure made of stones, batteries, etc., and designed to protect a harbor .

Jib

A medium-sized sail set forward of the foremast .

Keel

A ridge beneath a boat designed to prevent prevention it from drifting sideways .

Knot

A unit of speed equivalent to one nautical mile per hour, qui equates to 1,852 meters per hour .

Landing placement

A platform used for loading or unloading passengers or goods from a boat .

Latitude

An angle FORMED, at a Given Point on the earth's surface by the vertical position of the rent relating to the equator. Latitude is Measured in increments from 0 to & ± 90 & deg ;, counting Positively Negatively northward and southward.
(E.g. The Gulf of Morbihan is Situated at a latitude of 47 & deg ;, qui equates to the 47th parallel.)

List

The leaning of a vessel due the actions of the wind on the sails .

Load line

The level the water will reach on the hull When the ship is loaded .

Longitude

An angle FORMED, at a Given Point on the earth's surface by the horizontal position of the relative lease to the Greenwich meridian. Longitude is Measured in increments from 0 to & ± 90 & deg ;, counting Positively Negatively eastward and westward.

Mainsail

The Largest sail on the main mast of a boat .

Marini & egrave; re

A two-colored, horizontally striped, knitted, long-sleeved sweater .

Maritime flag

A flag flown from a ship .

Monohull

A boat hull with a single .

Moor

A cord or cable used to secure a boat to land or to a pontoon, etc. .

Mooring line

The level the water will reach on the hull When the ship is loaded .

Nautical mile

A measure of distance equivalent to 1,852 meters .

Navigational buoy

A floating device used to mark navigational hazards .

Oyster punt

A flat-bottomed boat made from aluminum (They Were Originally made from wood) used by oyster farmers. They are Strongly built, Enabling Them to access sandbanks, and are used to reach oyster beds and carry out work in 'em.

Plankton

A group of plant (phytoplankton) and animals (zooplankton) qui organisms live in fresh, briny salt water or floating in the currents. Plankton forms the base of the food chain.

Port harbor side

The left hand side of a boat prow When viewed from the .

Prow

The front portion of a ship .

Regatta

A boat race, or a series of boat races .

Ria

See aber

Rigging

The apparatus by moyen de qui a sailing boat can be propelled forward: masts, sails, rope, etc.

Rudder

A Vertically hinged, flat piece of material used to control the steering of a boat .

Salt pan

A shallow pond from qui salt is harvested .

Sea spray, spray

Fine droplets of sea water sprayed by the actions of the wind .

Scull (related term: to scull)

An oar used at the back of a boat, ALLOWING it to be propelled forward using a Particular kind of movement

Sheet

A line used to adjust the sails of a boat .

Shellfish picking

A kind of fishing the carried out on the seashore at low tide and Involving the gathering of shellfish crustaceans gold, Either by hand or with the help of tools. The shellfish are crustaceans or file Managed for human consumption and the practice is strictly regulated (quotas, health and safety, etc.). th

Shoal sandbar gold

A shifting ridge of sand, silt, etc. Deposited by the sea and posing a potential danger to navigation

Shoreline

The area Where land and sea meet. Shorelines are places of rich biological diversity and highly varied landscapes.

Shrouds

A set of ropes used to Maintain the mast of a boat in an upright position .

Sinagot

A Particular types of sailing boat traditionally used for fishing in the Gulf of Morbihan and Quiberon Bay.

Slack water

A Particular types of sailing boat traditionally used for fishing in the Gulf of Morbihan and Quiberon Bay.

Sinagot

Slack water is the period at the turn of the tide When the tidal current Becomes still. This phenomenon, qui OCCURS Several times a day, takes up:

  • & bull; partner after the rising tide entre the flood and the ebb (high slack tide)
  • & bull; partner after the falling tide entre les ebb and the flood (low slack tide).

    Though usually lasting less than 20 minutes, ict duration varies DEPENDING on the time and the rent .

    SNSM

    Soci & eacute; t & eacute; National Sea Rescue: an organization providing good life-saving services at sea and around the coast in France .

    Spinnaker

    A spinnaker is a kind of sail hoisted at the front of a yacht When the Wind is blowing from the rear

    Squall

    A meteorological phenomenon caractérisé by a sudden, sharp changes in the speed and the direction of the wind and accompagné by rain showers or thunder storms.

    Starboard

    The right-hand side of a boat prow When viewed from the .

    Stern:

    . The rear portion of a ship

    Swell

    The undulating movement of the sea When only non-breaking waves are Being Produced .

    Tender

    A small craft towed by a larger boat, usually for the purpose of reaching dry land When the larger vessel is at anchor in a cove or moored out at sea.

    Tide

    The rising (flood) and falling (ebb) movement of the water of the seas and oceans Caused by the combined effects of the gravitational force of the moon and the sun.
    The moon: has a magnet-like effect on the oceans. Due to icts closer proximity, the strength of attraction it exerts on the earth is twice That of the sun.
    The combined effect of the two varies selon Their positions:

    • & bull; The Highest tides, When the tide's ranks is at maximum icts are Known As spring tides and Occur at full moon and new moon, When the moon and sun are in alignment with the earth, Causing Them to Exert a strong attraction.
    • & bull; When the sun and moon form a right angle with the earth (when the moon is at first quarter or third quarter), neap tides Occur (Where the tide's ranks is at least its).

      Tide table

      A table showing the daily Times and heights of the tides at a Particular port .

      trimaran

      A boat with three hulls .

      Varec

      See kelp .

      VHF

      Very High Frequency

      Weigh anchor

      To raise a vessel's anchor in order to depart .

      Wet Dock

      . The section of a harbor linked to the sea

      Wharf

      A structure made from wood, concrete, etc., Where ships can be loaded and unloaded .

      Terms for sailing maneuvers and operations:

      course, jibe, haul down, haul in, head to wind, headwind, hoist, leeward, slack, tack, tailwind, Windward <. / span>